Mr. Stoney was in his early 20s, new out of MIT subsequent provider as an airplane mechanic all through Globe War II, when he joined NASA’s predecessor company, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, in 1949.
Doing work at Langley Analysis Middle in Hampton, Va., he joined a team of engineers renowned for their imaginative get the job done on pilotless aircraft and rocket know-how.
Mr. Stoney so was in a critical placement when the space race commenced in the 1950s, pitting the two Chilly War superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union, in a contest to achieve what was observed as the final frontier.
A essential second — and an uncomfortable setback for the United States — arrived in 1957 with the productive Soviet start of Sputnik 1, the first synthetic satellite.
“We had been let down we weren’t the initial,” Mr. Stoney reflected several years later on, “but in a further feeling it reassured us that we have been definitely on the suitable keep track of — that, boy, we actually could get supported from now on, since this was crucial that the U.S. continue to try to catch up, and we were section of that game.”
Mr. Stoney became the plan manager overseeing the growth of the sound-propellant rocket acknowledged as Scout. NASA nowadays describes the rocket as “one of the most effective boosters” in the historical past of the room company, with payloads creating “critical developments in atmospheric and place science.”
In the 1960s, as ambitions shifted to manned spaceflight, Mr. Stoney was appointed chief of state-of-the-art place motor vehicle concepts at NASA’s Washington headquarters and led the sophisticated spacecraft engineering division in Houston. He served in top engineering roles all through the Apollo application, whose signal accomplishment was the moon landing by astronaut Neil Armstrong in 1969. That calendar year, Mr. Stoney obtained the NASA Outstanding Provider Medal for his function on the Apollo mission.
Right after he experienced “rubbed the moon dust” out of his eyes, as he put it, Mr. Stoney turned director of NASA’s earth observations systems in 1973, primary the progress of satellites for meteorological uses as effectively as the checking of atmospheric air pollution and earth resources.
William Edmund Stoney Jr. was born on Sept. 13, 1925, in Terre Haute, Ind., and grew up in Charleston, S.C., and in Brooklyn. His father was a civil engineer who labored on the Panama Canal, and his mother was a homemaker. Observing her young son’s curiosity in flight, she at the time accompanied Mr. Stoney to an airfield where he flew aboard an plane piloted by groundbreaking aviator Clarence D. Chamberlin.
Soon after Military Air Forces assistance in the Pacific all through World War II, Mr. Stoney obtained a bachelor’s diploma in aeronautical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technological innovation in 1949. He been given two master’s degrees, 1 in aeronautical engineering from the University of Virginia in 1951 and a different in industrial management from MIT in 1962.
Mr. Stoney retired from NASA in 1978 and afterwards labored in the non-public sector, such as with the RCA Corp. on innovative robotics and with Noblis, a nonprofit technology organization.
Mr. Stoney’s to start with relationship, to Roberta Beckner, ended in divorce. His next spouse, Pleasure Scafard Stoney, died in 2016 immediately after 51 decades of marriage.
Survivors consist of a few stepchildren from his 2nd marriage whom he adopted, Catherine Stoney of Vienna, Va., Jeanne Stoney-Disston of Weston, Conn., and Robert Stoney of Herndon, Va. a son from his second relationship, John Stoney of Austin 7 grandchildren and two fantastic-grandchildren.
Mr. Stoney experienced been a member because his 20s of the American Culture for Psychical Investigate and had amassed a assortment of additional than 1,000 guides and other elements on the paranormal and the risk of existence following loss of life.